section of the course covers the basic elements
in programming languages.
elements can be found in most programming
- Statements &
Keywords: related lines of code form a statement. Each statement has a beginning and an end. Instructions within the statement are called keywords.
these store data for the program to work with. A variable could contain text or numerical values.
group parts of a program together.
- Conditional Statements: such as 'if/then/else' or 'case/switch', make decisions in the
- Loops: such as 'do/while', 'for/next' or 'repeat/until' repeat
parts of a program.